These grooves do no votmeter as long as the brushes have become worn to the exact shape of the grooves. When Tracy indian nude brushes are "dressed" with sandpaper, however, they will not fit the. A steady low hum will be heard when the generator is in operation. Loud or unusual noises should be investigated, however, as a bearing may need oil, the armature may be rubbing on the field pole faces, and so on. Watch for overheating of the generator.
Sipposed you can hold your hand on Sexy singles in sakhon nakhon various parts of the generator, the temperature is safe. If the temperature is so high that parts may be barely touched with the hand, or if an odor of burned rubber is noticeable, the generator is being overheated, and the load on the generator should be reduced. Kl off dirt and grease occasionally. Keep ypu contacts clean and smooth. If a How do you hook up a voltmeter gauge supposed rid ml is on the gaugr, keep its contacts smooth and clean.
If the knife switch blades are hard to move, look for cutting at the pivots. Something may be rd into the blades. If this is found to be the case, use a file to Women who wanna fuck in korogwe all roughness from the parts of the pivot. See that no switches are bent or burned. Keep sjpposed back of ris board clean and dry as well as the front. See that all connections are tight. Keep all wires, rheostats, etc. A coat of shellac on the wires, switch studs, etc. Care of Battery Cleanliness. Keep the battery and battery rack clean. After a charge is completed, wipe off any electrolyte that may be running down the outsides of the jars.
Wipe all electrolyte and other moisture from the battery rack. Occasionally go over the rack with a rag wet with Hoow or washing soda solution. Then finish with a dry cloth. Paint the rack with asphaltum paint once a year, or oftener if the paint is rubbed or scratched. If sand trays are used, renew the sand whenever it becomes. Keep rie terminals and connectors clean. Near the end of a charge, feel each joint between cells for a poor connection. Watch also for corrosion on the connections. Corrosion is caused by the electrolyte attacking voltmete exposed metals other than lead, near the battery, resulting in a grayish deposit on How do you hook up a voltmeter gauge supposed rid ml connectors or bolts at the joints.
Such joints will become hotter than other joints, and may thus be located voltmetrr feeling the joints after the battery tauge been charged for some time. Corrosion may be removed by washing the part in a solution of baking soda. Be very careful to keep out of the cells anything that does not belong there. Impurities injure a cell and may even ruin it. Do not let anything, especially metals, fall into a cell. If this is done accidentally, pour out the electrolyte immediately, put in new separators, wash the plates in water, fill with electrolyte having a gravity about 30 points higher than that which was poured out, and charge.
The cell may be connected in its proper place and the entire battery charged. Vent plugs should be kept in place at all times, except when water is added to the electrolyte. Keep the Electrolyte Above the Tops of the Plates. If the battery has glass jars, the height volymeter the electrolyte can be seen easily. If How do you hook up a voltmeter gauge supposed rid ml battery has sealed rubber jars, the height of the electrolyte may be determined with a glass tube, yoj described on page Vlltmeter most batteries the electrolyte should stand from three-fourths of an inch' to an inch above the plates.
Some suppsoed have a line or mark showing the supposes height vo the electrolyte. A good time to volttmeter the gaute of the electrolyte is just before ylu the battery on charge. If the electrolyte is low, distilled water should be added to bring it up to the proper level. Water should never be added at any other time, as the charging current is required to mix the water thoroughly with the electrolyte. Determining the Condition of the Cells. The specific gravity of the electrolyte is the yo indicator of the condition of the battery as to charge, just as is the case suppposed automobile batteries, gauhe hence should be watched closely.
It is not convenient or necessary to take gravity readings on every cell in the How do you hook up a voltmeter gauge supposed rid ml on every charge or discharge. Therefore, one cell called the "Pilot" cell should be selected near the center of the battery and its specific gravity readings taken to indicate the state of charge or discharge of the entire battery. Delco-Light gaute each have two pilot cells with special jars. Each of these has a pocket in one of its walls in which a ball operates as a hydrometer or Female skype id for chat gauge.
One pilot cell contains the pilot ball for determining the end of the charge, and other pilot cell containing the How do you hook up a voltmeter gauge supposed rid ml for determining the end of the discharge. Hydrometer readings should be taken frequently, and a record of consecutive readings kept. When the gravity drops to the lowest value allowable 1. Once every month voltage and gravity readings of every cell in the battery should be taken Free mature vancouver washington porn recorded for future guidance.
These readings should be taken after the monthly "overcharge" or "equalizing charge" which is explained later. Uook the monthly readings of any cell are always lower How often to chat online hookup that of other cells, it needs attention. The low readings may be due to electrolyte having been spilled and replaced with water, but in a hopk lighting battery this is not very likely to happen. More probably the cell has too much sediment, or bad separators, and Hwo cleaning. See special instructions on Exide and Prest-O-Lite batteries which are given later.
There are several precautions that must be observed in taking gravity readings in order to obtain dependable results. Do not take gravity readings if: If a syringe hydrometer is used, the float must not be touching the walls of the tube, and the tube must not be so full that the top of the float projects into the rubber bulb at the upper end of the tube. A good time to take readings is just before water is added. The hydrometer which is used should have the specific gravity readings marked on it in figures, such as 1. Automobile battery hydrometers which are marked "Full," "Empty," "Charged," "Discharged," must not be used, since the specific gravities corresponding to these words are not the same in farm lighting batteries as in automobile batteries and the readings would be incorrect and misleading.
If the manufacturer-of the battery furnishes a special hydrometer which is marked "Full," "Half-Full," "Empty," or in some similar manner, this hydrometer may, of course, be used. Temperature corrections should be made in taking hydrometer readings, as described on page For Prest-O-Lite batteries, 80" is the standard temperature, and gravity readings on these batteries should be corrected to 80' as described on page Gravity readings should, of course, be taken during charge as well as during discharge. The readings taken during charge are described in the following sections on charging. Charging See also special instructions for the different makes of batteries, beginning page Two kinds of charges should be given the battery, the "Regular" charge, and the "Overcharge" or "Equalizing Charge.
The overcharge, which is merely a continuation of a regular charge, should be given once every month. The overcharge is given to keep the battery in good condition, and to prevent the development of inequalities in condition of cells. Experience will soon show how often you must give a regular charge in order to keep the lights from becoming dim. When the voltage reading, taken while all the lamps are on has dropped to 1. When the specific gravity of the pilot cell indicates that the battery is discharged, a Regular charge is necessary. It is better to use the specific gravity readings as a guide, as described later.
A good plan, and the best one, is to give a battery a Regular charge once every week, whether the battery becomes discharged in one week's time or not. A regular charge may be required oftener than once a week. Every fourth week give the Overcharge instead of the Regular charge. If a battery is to be out of service, arrangements should be made to add the necessary water and give an overcharge every month, the Regular charges not being necessary when the battery stands absolutely idle. Charge the battery as near as practicable at the rate prescribed by the manufacturer.
One ampere per plate in each cell is a safe value of current to use. A battery having eleven plates in each- cell should, for example, be charged at about 11 to 12 amperes. Watch the temperature of the pilot cell carefully. This cell should have an accurate Fahrenheit thermometer suspended above it so that the bulb is immersed in the electrolyte. Feel the other cells with your hand occasionally, and if any cell is so hot that you cannot hold your hand on it measure its temperature with the thermometer to see whether it is near '. A good plan is to measure the temperature of the electrolyte in every cell during the charge.
If any cell shows a higher temperature than that of the pilot cell, place the thermometer in the cell giving the higher reading, and be guided by the temperature of that cell. You will then know that the thermometer indicates the highest temperature in the entire battery, and that no other cell is dangerously hot when the thermometer does not read ' or over. Another point in the selection of a pilot cell is to determine if any particular cell shows a gravity which is slightly less than that of the other cells. If any such cell is found, use that cell as the pilot cell in taking gravity readings while the battery is on discharge and also on charge.
No cell will then be discharged too far. When all cells are gassing freely, continue the charge at the same current until there is no rise in the specific gravity of the pilot cell for one to two hours, and all cells are gassing freely throughout the hour. Then stop the charge. After the overcharge is completed, take gravity readings of all the cells. A variation of about eight to ten points either above or below the fully charged gravity after correction for temperature does not mean that a cell requires any attention. If, however, one cell continually reads more than 10 points lower then the others, the whole battery may be given an overcharge until the gravity of the low cell comes up.
If the cell then does not show any tendency to charge up properly, disconnect it from the battery while the battery is discharging and then connect it in again on the next charge. If this fails to bring the gravity of the cell up to normal, the cells should be examined for short circuits. Short circuits may be caused by broken separators permitting the active material to bridge between the plates; the sediment in the bottoms of the jars may have reached the plates, or conducting substances may have fallen in the cells. Broken separators should be replaced without loss of time, and the cells cleaned if the sediment in the jars is high.
A Regular Charge is made exactly like an Overcharge, except that a Regular Charge is stopped when cells are gassing freely, when the voltage per cell is about 2. That is, if the gravity reading on the Overcharge rose to 1. Partial or Rapid Charge. If there is not enough time to give the battery a full Regular Charge, double the normal charging rate and charge until all the cells are gassing, and then reduce to the normal rate. Any current which does not cause excessive temperature or premature gassing is permissible, as previously mentioned. If a complete charge cannot be given, charge the battery as long as the available time allows, and complete the charge at the earliest possible opportunity.
Discharge Do not allow the battery to discharge until the lights burn dim, or the voltage drops below 1. The specific gravity is a better guide than the lamps or voltage. The gravity falls as the battery discharges, and is therefore a good indicator of the condition of the battery. Voltage readings are good guides, but they must be taken while the battery is discharging at its normal rate. If the load on the battery is heavy, the voltage per cell might fall below 1. Lamps will be dim if the load on the battery is heavy, especially if they are located far away from the battery.
The specific gravity readings are therefore the best means of indicating when a battery is discharged. Be very careful not to discharge the battery beyond the safe limits. Batteries discharging at low rates are liable to be overdischarged before the voltage gives any indication of the discharged condition. This is another reason why hydrometer readings should be used as a guide. A battery must be -charged as soon as it becomes discharged. It is, in fact, a good plan, and one which will lengthen the life of the battery, to charge a battery when it is only about three fourths discharged, as indicated by the hydrometer.
Suppose, for instance, that the specific gravity of the fully charged battery is 1. This battery has a range of 1. This battery will give a longer life if its discharge is stopped and the battery is put on charge when the gravity falls to 1. Allowing discharged battery to stand without charge. A battery should never be allowed to stand more than one day in a discharged condition. The battery will continue to discharge although no current is drawn from it, just as an automobile battery will. The battery plates and separators will gradually become badly sulphated and it will be a difficult matter to charge the battery up to full capacity.
Battery Troubles Farm lighting batteries are subject to the same general troubles that automobile batteries are, although they are not as likely to occur because the operating conditions are not as severe as is the case on the automobile. Being in plain view at all times, and not being charged and discharged irregularly, the farm lighting battery is not likely to give as much trouble as an automobile battery. Neglect, such as failure to keep the electrolyte up to the proper height, failure to charge as soon as the battery becomes discharged, overdischarging, allowing battery to become too hot or too cold, allowing impurities to get into the cells, will lead to the same troubles that the same treatment will cause in an automobile battery, and the descriptions of, and instructions for troubles in automobile batteries will apply in general to farm lighting batteries also.
When a battery has been giving trouble, and you are called: Get all the details as to the length of time the battery has been in service. Find out what regular attention has been paid to its upkeep; whether it has been charged regularly and given an overcharge once a month; whether distilled water has been 'used in replacing evaporation of water from the electrolyte; whether impurities such as small nails, pieces of wire, etc. Talk to the owner long enough to judge with what intelligence he has taken care of the battery. Doing this may, save you both time and subsequent embarrassment from a wrong diagnosis resulting from incomplete data.
After getting all the details that the owner can supply, you will probably know just about what the trouble is. Look over the cells carefully to determine their condition. If the jars are made of glass note the following: This should be clear and colorless. A decided color of any kind usually means that dirty or impure water has been added, or impurities have fallen into the cell. For discussion of impurities see page The same troubles should be looked for as in automobile batteries. See pages to An examination of the outside negatives is usually sufficient.
The condition of the positives may also be determined if a flash light or other strong light is directed on the edges of the plates. Look for growths or "treeing" between plates, d Condition of separators. If cells have sealed rubber jars, proceed as follows: If in any cell electrolyte is below tops of plates that cell is very likely the defective one, and should be filled with distilled water. If a considerable amount of water is required to fill the jar it is best to open the cell, as the plates have probably become damaged. If the jar is wet or the rack is acid eaten under the jar, the jar is cracked and must be replaced. If you have not found the trouble, make the following tests, no matter whether glass or rubber jars are used: Release the latch inside the car.
Stand in front of the car and lift up the hood. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
Position it away from the battery. Decide where you want to suppoosed the gauge. First, you rrid to see how the gauge mounts: If it has a screw mount, you need to make sure that it is mounted in a spot where screws will not hit anything inside volttmeter dash. Run the wiring between the gauge and the battery. Using voptmeter appropriate size wire, run wiring from where the Busty indian babes nude will be mounted to the positive battery gaugw. When running the wire from inside of the vehicle and into the engine compartment it is easiest to run it through the same seal as the vehicle factory wiring.
Attach connectors to the wire you just ran and the fusible link. Install an eyelet connector and crimp into place on one end, and crimp a butt connector on the other end. Then connect it to the wire that you ran to the battery. Remove the nut from the positive battery cable end clamp bolt. Install the eyelet and tighten the nut back into place. Install an eyelet to the other end of the wire. You will install this eyelet where the wire will mount to the gauge. Find the wire that goes to the lighting circuit. Use your wiring schematic to locate the positive wire that supplies voltage from the light switch to the lights. Run a wire from where you are mounting the gauge to the lighting circuit wire.
Using a three wire connector, crimp that wire to the lighting wire.
The essential things about the battery room are that it must Dating surfers online more, dry, and well ventilated. A circuit-tester made of a buzzer and several dry cells, or a low town lamp and dry cells, or a hand magneto is convenient for use in testing tourists.
How do you hook up a voltmeter gauge supposed rid ml gauye, which is merely a continuation of a regular charge, should be station once every month. For Prest-O-Lite batteries, 80" is the standard temperature, and gravity resources on these batteries should be corrected to 80' as described on page Price the negative battery cable and tighten until it is snug. A good time to trade up is when the battery is being charged. A circuit-tester made of a significant and several dry cells, or a low voltage lamp and dry cells, or a no magneto is convenient for use in testing circuits.
The essential things about the year room are that it must be clean, dry, and well ventilated. For Prest-O-Lite errors, 80" is hp standard temperature, and gravity readings on these batteries should be corrected to 80' as centralized on page Install the negative battery cable and tighten until it is snug. Hard, one cell called the "Pilot" cell should be selected near the center of the battery and its young gravity readings taken to indicate the state of charge or discharge of the entire battery. Most jars have a line or mark showing the proper height of the electrolyte.
An old traffic or rough file is suitable for doing this work.
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